Cadmium and nickel in mainstream particulates of cigarettes containing tobacco grown on a low-cadmium soil-sludge mixture

J Toxicol Environ Health. 1985;16(3-4):547-52. doi: 10.1080/15287398509530762.


Cigarettes were prepared from tobaccos grown in the greenhouse on a soil to which a low rate of a municipal sewage sludge was applied. The cigarettes were smoked by machine and the mainstream particulate fraction was analyzed for total cadmium and nickel content. Sludge-grown and control (soil-grown) tobaccos contained, respectively, 5.33 and 1.87 ppm of cadmium and 1.15 and 0.64 ppm of nickel. The average quantities of cadmium and nickel (ng/cigarette) found in the mainstream particulate fractions were, respectively, 220.5 and 78.5 for the sludge-grown and 147.4 and 72.6 for the control treatments. The difference between treatments was highly significant (p less than 0.001) for cadmium but not significant for nickel.

MeSH terms

  • Cadmium / analysis*
  • Mutagens / analysis
  • Nickel / analysis*
  • Plants, Toxic*
  • Sewage / analysis*
  • Smoke / analysis*
  • Soil Pollutants / analysis*
  • Tobacco / analysis*


  • Mutagens
  • Sewage
  • Smoke
  • Soil Pollutants
  • Cadmium
  • Nickel