Clozapine in tardive dyskinesia

Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1978 Jan 31;56(1):75-80. doi: 10.1007/BF00571412.

Abstract

Clozapine, which has had limited clinical testing in the U.S.A., was evaluated in 12 chronic schizophrenic patients with tardive dyskinesia. Its antipsychotic activity was again demonstrated and it suppressed the symptoms of tardive dyskinesia with a marked rebound occurring in these symptoms when it was withdrawn; there was no rigidity or other Parkinsonian symptoms. However, out of a total of 12 patients, neutropenia (800 and 1120) occurred in two patients, convulsion in one patient, marked withdrawal effects in three patients, and a hypotensive collapse with atrial fibrillation in one patient. If these adverse effects are confirmed in a larger sample size, then despite the novel desirable effects of clozapine it would seem unlikely that it will gain widespread or routine use.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Clozapine / adverse effects
  • Clozapine / therapeutic use*
  • Dibenzazepines / therapeutic use*
  • Dyskinesia, Drug-Induced / complications
  • Dyskinesia, Drug-Induced / drug therapy*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Schizophrenia / complications
  • Substance Withdrawal Syndrome / physiopathology
  • Time Factors

Substances

  • Dibenzazepines
  • Clozapine