Agricultural plants and soil as a reservoir for Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Appl Microbiol. 1974 Dec;28(6):987-91.

Abstract

Pseudomonas aeruginosa was detected in 24% of the soil samples but in only 0.13% of the vegetable samples from various agricultural areas of California. The distribution of pyocin types of soil and vegetable isolates was similar to that of clinical strains, and three of the soil isolates were resistant to carbenicillin. Pseudomonas aeruginosa multiplied in lettuce and bean under conditions of high temperature and high relative humidity (27 C and 80-95% relative humidity) but declined when the temperature and humidity were lowered (16 C, 55-75% relative humidity). The results suggest that soil is a reservior for P. aeruginosa and that the bacterium has the capacity to colonize plants during favorable conditions of temperature and moisture.

MeSH terms

  • California
  • Carbenicillin / pharmacology
  • Cell Survival
  • Humidity
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests
  • Penicillin Resistance
  • Plants / microbiology*
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa / growth & development*
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa / isolation & purification
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa / metabolism
  • Pyocins / biosynthesis
  • Soil Microbiology*
  • Temperature
  • Vegetables

Substances

  • Pyocins
  • Carbenicillin