Remyelination in Multiple Sclerosis

Ann Neurol. 1979 Jan;5(1):22-31. doi: 10.1002/ana.410050105.

Abstract

Chronic plaques in central nervous system tissue fixed by in situ perfusion for electron microscopy were examined for evidence of remyelination in 2 patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Fibers with abnormal central myelin sheaths of several types were found at the margins of most of the plaques studied. The most common of these were: (1) the presence of bare stretches of axon between contiguous internodes, (2) the presence of thin paranodes, (3) internodes which changed markedly in thickness along their length due to premature termination of superficial or deep myelin lamellae that ended as hypertrophic lateral loops, and (4) abnormally thin internodes which were of uniform thickness along their length, which were shorter than normal, and which terminated in the form of normal nodal complexes. The finding of internodes of the last type at the edges of many plaques indicates that remyelination by oligodendrocytes can occur in the adult human CNS and that it is common in some cases of MS, although limited in its extent.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Central Nervous System / ultrastructure*
  • Humans
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Multiple Sclerosis / pathology*
  • Myelin Sheath / ultrastructure*
  • Oligodendroglia / ultrastructure
  • Ranvier's Nodes / ultrastructure