Early diagnosis of delayed posttraumatic intracerebral hematomas

J Neurosurg. 1979 Feb;50(2):217-23. doi: 10.3171/jns.1979.50.2.0217.

Abstract

Nine cases of delayed posttraumatic intracerebral hematomas (DTICH) were found retrospectively among 656 patients with closed head injuries admitted to the Hennepin County Medical Center in a 12-month period. All cases had severe head injuries sustained with the head in motion. The interval from cranial injury to diagnosis of DTICH by computerized tomography (CT) varied from 8 hours to 13 days. Eight patients were comatose on admission, three had focal seizures, and three had focal findings. The diagnosis was made on repeat CT scans obtained because of the development of focal findings in four cases, lack of improvement in four cases, and general neurological deterioration in one case. Four patients had initially negative CT scans. Four demonstrated only extracerebral hematomas on initial CT scan. One patient showed intracerebral hematoma on the initial scan followed by new hematomas on repeat study. The cases presented are discussed in light of pertinent literature.

MeSH terms

  • Accidents, Traffic
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Brain Injuries / complications*
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / diagnostic imaging*
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / etiology
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / surgery
  • Female
  • Hematoma / diagnostic imaging*
  • Hematoma / etiology
  • Hematoma / surgery
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Skull Fractures / complications
  • Time Factors
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Wounds and Injuries / complications