Education for self-treatment by adult asthmatics

JAMA. 1979 May 4;241(18):1919-22.


A prospective experimental design evaluated the ability of a series of educational and motivational interventions to enhance self-treatment by adult asthmatics and to reduce use of emergency department services for asthma attacks. After treatment for an asthma attack, subjects were randomly assigned to the following sequential interventions: (1) reinforcement by interpersonal similarity at the time of the emergency visit, (2) recepit of positive written appeals, and (3) follow-up telephone reinforcement. The asthmatic nurse educator was generally more effective in achieving short-term reduction of emergency department visits. Although the usefulness of the positive written appeal increased when employed by the asthmatic nurse, there were no substantive independent effects of the written message on emergency department use.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Adult
  • Asthma / therapy*
  • Emergency Service, Hospital / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Nurses
  • Pamphlets
  • Patient Education as Topic*
  • Patient Participation*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Self Administration