Enumeration and Identification of Bacillus Cereus in Foods. I. 24-hour Presumptive Test Medium

Appl Microbiol. 1971 Oct;22(4):581-7.


An egg yolk-polymyxin medium (KG) for rapid enumeration of Bacillus cereus is described. The test is presumptive in that differentiation of B. cereus (and closely related organisms) from other species is based on the formation of turbidity in the agar surrounding the colonies of the cereus group organisms. The medium is formulated to encourage sporulation and release of free spores for serological confirmatory tests within the 24-hr incubation period. The production of turbidity in egg yolk and free-spore production by 25 strains of B. cereus on KG agar were measured. The recovery of food poisoning strains of B. cereus inoculated into nonsterile food slurries was assessed. A comparison of KG agar and mannitol-egg yolk-polymyxin-agar indicated that the two media were comparable in their abilities to recover low levels of B. cereus from naturally contaminated foods. Since KG agar enhances spore formation by B. cereus, thus permitting early serological testing, its use in screening food products is advocated.

MeSH terms

  • Bacillus cereus / growth & development
  • Bacillus cereus / isolation & purification*
  • Bacteriological Techniques*
  • Culture Media / standards*
  • Egg Yolk
  • Female
  • Food Contamination
  • Food Microbiology*
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Methods
  • Polymyxins
  • Species Specificity
  • Spores, Bacterial / growth & development


  • Culture Media
  • Polymyxins