Trisomy for the distal third of the long arm of chromosome 19 in brother and sister

Hum Genet. 1979 Feb 15;46(3):263-70. doi: 10.1007/BF00273309.


Trisomy for the distal third of the long arm of chromosome 19 was observed in a 12-year-old boy and his 9-year-old sister. Both are affected by extremely severe statural and psychomotor retardation. The physical symptoms common to both are dwarfism, micro- and brachycephaly, antimongoloid slant of the eyes, hypertelorism, ptosis, short nose, short philtrum, poorly formed ears, short neck with excess skin, barrel-shaped thorax, diastasis of rectus muscles, kyphosis, sacral dimple, excess of digital arches, pedes valgi, laterally curved big toes, epilepsy and muscular hypotonia. The chromosomal anomaly was transmitted by the mother, who is the carrier of a translocation t(19;20)(19q133;20pter). In the pedigree, extending over four generations, among 30 pregnancies fathered or mothered by 5 carriers resulted in: 6 individuals with normal karyotype, 9 carriers, 2 confirmed and 2 presumptive unbalanced abnormal children, and 10 abortions.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Multiple / genetics*
  • Child
  • Chromosomes, Human, 19-20*
  • Dwarfism / genetics*
  • Female
  • Genetic Carrier Screening
  • Humans
  • Karyotyping
  • Male
  • Pedigree
  • Psychomotor Disorders / genetics*
  • Translocation, Genetic
  • Trisomy*