Polyvinyl foam embolization of vascular and neoplastic lesions of the head, neck, and spine

Radiology. 1979 Jun;131(3):669-79. doi: 10.1148/131.3.669.


Embolization of vascular and neoplastic lesions of the head, neck, and spine may be performed either as primary therapy (particularly for lesions which are difficult to approach surgically) or preoperatively to decrease blood loss. Polyvinyl alcohol foam (PAF) offers a number of advantages over other embolic material, including biocompatibility, promotion of progressive thrombosis and fibrosis, permanence, compressibility, and manageability. The clinical cases illustrate the kinds of lesions that are amenable to embolization, including arteriovenous malformations, arteriovenous fistulas, meningiomas, and nasopharyngeal tumors. Techniques and possible complications are discussed.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Angiography
  • Arteriovenous Fistula / diagnostic imaging
  • Arteriovenous Fistula / therapy*
  • Arteriovenous Malformations / diagnostic imaging
  • Arteriovenous Malformations / therapy*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Embolization, Therapeutic / adverse effects
  • Embolization, Therapeutic / methods*
  • Female
  • Head and Neck Neoplasms / blood supply
  • Head and Neck Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Head and Neck Neoplasms / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Meningioma / blood supply
  • Meningioma / diagnostic imaging
  • Meningioma / therapy*
  • Polyvinyl Alcohol
  • Preoperative Care
  • Spinal Cord / blood supply
  • Spine / blood supply


  • Polyvinyl Alcohol