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, 546 (1), 93-105

Comparative Study of the Fluorescence Yield and of the C550 Absorption Change at Room Temperature

Comparative Study of the Fluorescence Yield and of the C550 Absorption Change at Room Temperature

P Joliot et al. Biochim Biophys Acta.

Abstract

The C550 absorption change and the fluorescence yield were studied at room temperature in chloroplasts in the presence of 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea, and under conditions in which contributions of P-700 and of the electrochromic effect were neglible. 1. The C550 difference spectrum is a typical band shift with an isobestic point close to 550 nm. 2. The maximum amplitude of C550 absorption change is reached upon the first flash of a series of saturating flashes, unlike the maximum fluorescence yield which is attained after several flashes. 3. The comparison of the induction curves of the C550 change and the fluorescence yield in weak light shows that the fluorescence yield is controlled by two quenchers: one of them (Q1), the redox state of which C550 is a probe, is responsible for the major part of the quenching; the other one (Q2), which is less concentrated and less efficient becomes predominant at the end of the fluorescence induction. 4. Quencher Q2 back-reacts faster than quencher Q1. 5. Two alternative models are discussed in which Q1 and Q2 belong either to the same Photosystem II center or to two different photocenters.

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