The spectrum of the DiGeorge syndrome

J Pediatr. 1979 Jun;94(6):883-90. doi: 10.1016/s0022-3476(79)80207-3.


Clinical and autopsy data on 25 patients with DiGeorge syndrome and its variants are presented. Congenital heart disease was the most common presenting complaint; 15 patients came to medical attention in the first 48 hours of life because of cyanosis, cardiac murmurs, or tachycardia and tachypnea. Two unusual anomalies, interrupted aortic arch or truncus arteriosus, were seen in 17 patients. Clinically documented hypocalcemia associated with seizures was seen in ten patients, with a median age at onset of eight days. Fifteen of our 25 patients died at less than one month of age. Most of the patients surviving the first month of life developed purulent rhinitis, maculopapular rashes, failure to thrive, and developmental delay. Sixteen patients had major congenital anomalies not localized to the anterior neck and thorax; these anomalies included arhinencephaly, cleft lip, palate, or uvula, diaphragmatic abnormalities, hydronephrosis, malrotation of the gut and imperforate anus. The 24 autopsied cases constitute 0.7% of the 3,469 sequential postmortem studies done in the period 1950--1975 at The Children's Orthopedic Hospital and Medical Center.

MeSH terms

  • Autopsy
  • Cardiovascular System / pathology
  • DiGeorge Syndrome / diagnosis*
  • DiGeorge Syndrome / pathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes / diagnosis*
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Parathyroid Glands / pathology
  • Thymus Gland / pathology