Temporal orientation and education. A direct relationship in normal people

Arch Neurol. 1979 Jul;36(7):444-6. doi: 10.1001/archneur.1979.00500430074014.


Neurologists usually do not take socioeconomic status into account when evaluating temporal orientation. Our data indicate that this is a mistake: temporal orientation related directly to education, one measure os socioeconomic level, in New Jersey residents. The neurologist should suspect an abnormality in temporal orientation for patients with (1) some college training and (2) no education beyond high school, if they misstate the day of the month by more than one or three days, respectively.

MeSH terms

  • Confusion / diagnosis
  • Confusion / psychology
  • Educational Status*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Iowa
  • Male
  • New Jersey
  • Orientation*
  • Seasons
  • Time Perception*