Water-borne Typhoid Fever Caused by an Unusual Vi-phage Type in Edinburgh

J Hyg (Lond). 1972 Jun;70(2):245-53. doi: 10.1017/s0022172400022300.


Investigation of a small series of cases of typhoid fever infected in a river between 1963 and 1970 revealed that all were caused by a single source, a carrier of a rare phage type of Salmonella typhi. The contamination of the river resulted from an incorrect sewage connexion with a surface water drain outfall into the river.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Bacteriological Techniques
  • Bacteriophage Typing
  • Blood / microbiology
  • Carrier State / microbiology
  • Child
  • Feces / microbiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Salmonella Phages
  • Salmonella typhi
  • Sanitary Engineering
  • Scotland
  • Sewage
  • Typhoid Fever / microbiology*
  • Water Microbiology*


  • Sewage