Assessment of the association between habitual salt intake and high blood pressure: methodological problems

Am J Epidemiol. 1979 Aug;110(2):219-26. doi: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a112806.


Despite the finding in cross-cultural comparisons that habitual sodium intake correlates with levels of blood pressure, similar studies from within population groups have yielded inconsistent results. The data presented in this report indicate that in industrialized societies the high degree of intra-individual variability of sodium intake, compared to much smaller inter-individual differences, may obscure potential biological correlations. A quantitative statistical method is presented to assess and minimize the effect of the large intra-individual variation in daily urinary sodium excretion.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Creatinine / urine
  • Diet*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / urine*
  • Male
  • Sodium* / urine


  • Sodium
  • Creatinine