Strains of the posterior calf musculature ("tennis leg")

Am J Sports Med. 1979 May-Jun;7(3):172-4. doi: 10.1177/036354657900700306.


Strains of the posterior calf musculature frequently relate to overuse of the gastrocnemius muscle. The principal sports involved are the slower side-to-side sports. Treatment routine is composed of pain relief, passive stretching, exercises for the antagonists and later the agonists, and quadriceps exercises. In a series of 720 patients, over a 12-year period, this routine has been effective as evidenced by a recurrence of the condition in only 0.7% of the patients. Prevention of the injury is best obtained by regular stretching and strength development routines.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Athletic Injuries / therapy*
  • Exercise Therapy
  • Humans
  • Leg Injuries / therapy*
  • Middle Aged
  • Sprains and Strains / prevention & control
  • Sprains and Strains / therapy*
  • Tennis