Gastric varices secondary to splenic vein occlusion: radiographic diagnosis and clinical significance

Radiology. 1979 Sep;132(3):593-8. doi: 10.1148/132.3.593.


The radiographic appearance and clinical significance of gastric varices in the absence of esophageal varices and secondary to splenic vein occlusion were studied. Eighteen patients were evaluated through medical records, angiography, and barium studies of the stomach and esophagus. The presence of splenic vein occlusion was determined by arteriography in 18 patients and its etiology confirmed by surgery in 17 patients. This condition should be suspected in patients with chronic abdominal pain, weight loss, and iron deficiency anemia who show fundal polypoid filling defects or prominent gastric folds on an upper GI series.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Angiography
  • Collateral Circulation
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Endoscopy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension, Portal / complications
  • Hypertension, Portal / diagnostic imaging
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Splenic Vein / diagnostic imaging*
  • Stomach / blood supply*
  • Thrombosis / complications
  • Thrombosis / diagnostic imaging*
  • Varicose Veins / diagnostic imaging*
  • Varicose Veins / etiology