A large collection (105) of mouse L cell mutants lacking hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl transferase activity (HGPRT; E. C. 22.214.171.124) were analyzed for the presence of serologically cross reacting material (CRM). Antibody directed against highly purified mouse liver HGPRT was used for detecting DRM activity by two methods: (1) the standard precipitation-inhibition assay; and (2) a radioimmune-precipitation assay. The latter assay proved to have far greater sensitivity for the detection of altered forms of HGPRT. Approximately 40% of the HGPRT- cell lines contain CRM activity (i.e., were CRM+). This indicates that a minimum of 40% of the HGPRT- clones arose as a result of mutations in the HGPRT structural gene. The CRM+ cell lines were shown to contain different levels of CRM activity. Measurements of the heat sensitivity of CRM in the different HGPRT- cell lines showed a broad spectrum of CRM heat inactivation kinetics. These latter two observations provide strong evidence that the mutations giving rise to the HGPRT-CRM+ phenotype occurred at different sites in the HGPRT structural gene.