Oculomotor response in the absence of vision has been compared in a group of 12 normal humans in two experimental conditions testing (a) the vestibulocular reflex by whole-body oscillation on a turntable, and (b) the cervico-ocular reflex by oscillation of the body with the head held stationary. The stimulus was a sinusoidal oscillation (peak angular velocity +/- 50 degrees/sec) at frequencies between 0.2 and 1.3 Hz. The slow-phase eye movements of the vestibulo-ocular response were compensatory for head movement and showed a mean gain of 0.54--0.90, increasing with frequency. The cervicoocular response was found to be very variable. The slow-phase eye movements were of low velocity (mean gain 0.05) and did not generally compensate for body movement. During neck torsion, some subjects exhibited large overall eye deviations composed of both slow and fast phase eye movements.