IgG rheumatoid factor was detected in the sera of the majority of patients with seropositive rheumatoid arthritis. Values suggestive of IgG rheumatoid factor were noted in one-quarter of patients with seronegative inflammatory arthropathies. These determinations were always low and correlated with elevated IgG concentrations, suggesting nonspecific adherence of IgG rather than a true antigen-antibody reaction. In support of this conclusion, nonrheumatoid factor IgG was capable of concentration-dependent nonspecific adsorption to the solid phase. IgG, but not IgM, rheumatoid factor corresponded with disease activity in patients with seropositive rheumatoid arthritis, suggesting that IgG rheumatoid factor may be important in the pathogenesis.