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, 30 (1), 45-55

Heterologous Interference in Aedes Albopictus Cells Infected With Alphaviruses

Heterologous Interference in Aedes Albopictus Cells Infected With Alphaviruses

B T Eaton. J Virol.

Abstract

Maximum amounts of 42S and 26S single-stranded viral RNA and viral structural proteins were synthesized in Aedes albopictus cells at 24 h after Sindbis virus infection. Thereafter, viral RNA and protein syntheses were inhibited. By 3 days postinfection, only small quantities of 42S RNA and no detectable 26S RNA or structural proteins were synthesized in infected cells. Superinfection of A. albopictus cells 3 days after Sindbis virus infection with Sindbis, Semliki Forest, Una, or Chikungunya alphavirus did not lead to the synthesis of intracellular 26S viral RNA. In contrast, infection with snowshoe hare virus, a bunyavirus, induced the synthesis of snowshoe hare virus RNA in both A. Ablpictus cells 3 days after Sindbis virus infection and previously uninfected mosquito cells. These results suggested that at 3 days after infection with Sindbis virus, mosquito cells restricted the replication of both homologous and heterologous alphaviruses but remained susceptible to infection with a bunyavirus. In superinfection experiments the the alphaviruses were differentiated on the basis of plaque morphology and the electrophoretic mobility of their intracellular 26S viral RNA species. Thus, it was shown that within 1 h after infection with eigher Sindbis or Chikungunya virus, A. albopictus cells were resistant to superinfection with Sindbis, Chikungunya, Una, and Semliki Forest viruses. Infected cultures were resistant to superinfection with the homologous virus indefinitely, but maximum resistance to superinfection with heterologous alphaviruses lasted for approximately 8 days. After that time, infected cultures supported the replication of heterologous alphaviruses to the same extent as did persistently infected cultures established months previously. However, the titer of heterologous alphavirus produced after superinfection of persistently infected cultures was 10- to 50-fold less than that produced by an equal number of previously uninfected A. albopictus cells. Only a small proportion (8 to 10%) of the cells in a persistently infected culture was capable of supporting the replication of a heterologous alphavirus.

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