Preparation and characterization, using high-performance liquid chromatography, of an enzyme forming glucosides of cytokinins

Biochim Biophys Acta. 1979 Sep 12;570(1):124-39. doi: 10.1016/0005-2744(79)90207-9.

Abstract

Cytokinins can occur naturally as glycosides with beta-D-glucose as the sugar substituent. From radish (Raphanus sativus) cotyledons, an enzyme has been partly purified which synthesizes the 7-glucopyranoside of zeatin [6-(4-hydroxy-3-methylbut-trans-2-enylamino)purine], a compound known to occur in this species. High-performance reverse-phase liquid chromatography was uniquely useful as the analytical procedure for quantitative study of the minute amounts of enzyme available. The enzyme uses UDPglucose as the source of the sugar residue. A large number of derivatives of purine are glucosylated, but adenine derivatives with an alkyl side chain at least three carbon atoms in length at position N6 are preferentially glucosylated. This corresponds to the structural features required for high cytokinin activity. The 7-glucoside of zeatin is known to be very weakly active in cytokinin bioassays. Hence, this enzyme, and others catalyzing the same reaction, have a role in the regulation of cytokinin activity.

MeSH terms

  • Cytokinins / metabolism*
  • Glucosides / metabolism*
  • Glucosyltransferases / isolation & purification
  • Glycosides / metabolism*
  • Kinetics
  • Plant Growth Regulators / metabolism*
  • Plants / enzymology*
  • Substrate Specificity
  • Uridine Diphosphate Glucose / metabolism
  • Zeatin / metabolism

Substances

  • Cytokinins
  • Glucosides
  • Glycosides
  • Plant Growth Regulators
  • Zeatin
  • Glucosyltransferases
  • Uridine Diphosphate Glucose