RNA was extracted from myelin-free Mauthner axons of the goldfish on a microscale and fractionated by microelectrophoresis. Microextracts showed the presence of nominal 26 SE, 18 SE, 5 SE and 4 SE components, which co-migrated with rRNA from fish brain. In addition, a non-ribosomal 15 SE component was present in axon microextracts, but not in RNA extracts of fish brain or of myelin sheath from Mauthner axon, indicating an unusual enrichment of a putative mRNA class. Evidence was presented to support the contention that axonal rRNA was not due to contamination from the myelin sheath. Possible reasons for the lack of ultrastructural evidence for axoplasmic ribosomes are discussed.