Zika virus infections in Nigeria: virological and seroepidemiological investigations in Oyo State

J Hyg (Lond). 1979 Oct;83(2):213-9. doi: 10.1017/s0022172400025997.


A study of Zika virus infections was carried out in four communities in Oyo State, Nigeria. Virus isolation studies between 1971 and 1975 yielded two virus isolations from human cases of mild febrile illness. Haemagglutination-inhibition tests revealed a high prevalence of antibodies to Zika and three other flaviviruses used. The percentages of positive sera were as follows: Zika (31%), Yellow fever (50%), West Nile (46%), and Wesselsbron (59%). Neutralization tests showed that 40% of Nigerians had Zika virus neutralizing antibody. Fifty per cent of zika virus immune persons had neutralizing antibody to Zika alone or to Zika and one other flavivirus. A total of 121 sera had antibody to Zika virus; of these 48 (40%) also showed antibody to two other flaviviruses, and 12 (10%) had antibodies to three or more other viruses. The percentage of neutralizing antibodies to other flaviviruses in Zika virus immune sera was 81% to Dengue type 1, 58% to Yellow fever, 7% to Wesselsbron, 6% to West Nile and 3% to Uganda S.

MeSH terms

  • Aedes / microbiology
  • Antibodies, Viral / analysis
  • Arbovirus Infections / epidemiology
  • Arbovirus Infections / transmission
  • Arbovirus Infections / virology
  • Arboviruses / immunology
  • Arboviruses / isolation & purification
  • Dengue Virus / immunology
  • Hemagglutination Inhibition Tests
  • Humans
  • Neutralization Tests
  • Nigeria
  • West Nile virus / immunology
  • Yellow fever virus / immunology
  • Zika Virus / immunology
  • Zika Virus / isolation & purification*
  • Zika Virus Infection / epidemiology*
  • Zika Virus Infection / transmission
  • Zika Virus Infection / virology


  • Antibodies, Viral