Electrolyte disturbances in beer drinkers. A specific "hypo-osmolality syndrome"

Lancet. 1975 Aug 9;2(7928):245-6. doi: 10.1016/s0140-6736(75)90961-7.

Abstract

A syndrome is described which affects subjects whose consumption of beer is considerable but who take no or little ordinary food. The symptoms include fatigue, dizziness, and muscular weakness; the biochemical changes are hyponatraemia and hypokalaemia. The disorder is rapidly resolved by stay in hospital. Beer is poor in Na (1-2 meq. per litre). Consequently these patients' intake of Na was low, and the production of urea was very low.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Beer / adverse effects*
  • Creatinine / blood
  • Drinking Behavior
  • Fatigue / etiology
  • Female
  • Food Deprivation
  • Humans
  • Hypokalemia / etiology
  • Hyponatremia / etiology
  • Length of Stay
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Muscular Diseases / etiology
  • Osmolar Concentration*
  • Potassium / blood
  • Sodium / blood
  • Syndrome
  • Vertigo / etiology
  • Water-Electrolyte Balance*

Substances

  • Sodium
  • Creatinine
  • Potassium