Microagglutination procedures for febrile agglutination tests

Appl Microbiol. 1971 Oct;22(4):635-40. doi: 10.1128/am.22.4.635-640.1971.


Febrile agglutination tests were done by using as antigens Brucella abortus, Salmonella group D, Proteus OX19, and Pasteurella tularensis. Comparison of results from 23 sera showed that the microtechnique, rapid slide, and test tube methods gave similar titers, although those from the microtechnique were generally higher. The sensitivity of the microtechnique depended upon the concentration of antigen, and, to obtain reproducible results, the optimal concentration of antigens had to be determined by preliminary titrations against specific, positive control antisera. Readability of reactions in the microtechnique was enhanced by adding the dye Safranin O to diluent for antigen and by use of V-type, rather than U-type, microtiter plates. Tests were also done to determine the effects of dye and salt concentrations, pH, and temperature of incubation upon the titer of agglutinations by the microtechnique. Our results indicated that the microtechnique could be used for agglutination tests involving febrile antigens. The procedure is less time-consuming than the tube method and requires less antigen and serum than the latter method or the rapid slide method.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Agglutination Tests*
  • Antigens, Bacterial
  • Bacterial Infections / diagnosis*
  • Brucella abortus / immunology
  • Coloring Agents
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Evaluation Studies as Topic
  • Francisella tularensis / immunology
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Immune Sera
  • Methods
  • Proteus / immunology
  • Salmonella / immunology
  • Temperature


  • Antigens, Bacterial
  • Coloring Agents
  • Immune Sera