The Hearing Performance Inventory (HPI) was developed to assess hearing performance in problem areas experienced in everyday listening. It consists of six sections: (1) Understanding Speech, (2) Intensity, (3) Response to Auditory Failure, (4) Social, (5) Personal, and (6) Occupational. A self-report response style is used. Sentences were written to describe a number of listening situations covering a variety of talker characteristics and communication processes. The development, current status, and clinical implications of the HPI are presented.