Oculomotor programming disturbances in the dementia syndrome

Percept Mot Skills. 1979 Aug;49(1):312-4. doi: 10.2466/pms.1979.49.1.312.


Three types of oculomotor programming disturbances are described in patients with the dementia syndrome. This report describes two of these abnormalities, poorly regulated gaze patterns and a programming type of gaze perseveration. All patients showed poorly regulated gaze patterns in contrast to the normal controls, whereas on the whole only the moderately affected patients showed the programming type of gaze perseveration. The third type of oculomotor programming disturbance is efferent perseveration of gaze (a hypokinetic, "staring" type of gaze pattern) and can be seen with severe dementia. The possible significance of these findings is discussed.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Alzheimer Disease / psychology
  • Atrophy
  • Brain Neoplasms / psychology
  • Eye Movements*
  • Frontal Lobe
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Neurocognitive Disorders / psychology*
  • Pattern Recognition, Visual