A simulation study of brain compartments. Metabolism of glutamate and related substances in mouse brain

Biochem J. 1971 Jun;123(2):211-8. doi: 10.1042/bj1230211.


A computer model of the metabolism of glutamate, glutamine, gamma-aminobutyrate, and the tricarboxylic acid cycle in mouse brain has been constructed in terms of 39 reactions among 19 substances or groups of substances (permitting manipulation of 30 independent variables). The model is divided into two compartments, in conformity with previous models based on indirect evidence, and it is found that this compartmentation is indeed the same as that indicated directly with specifically (14)C-labelled acetate and glucose. The movement of materials between the large and small compartments has been studied; glutamine appears to flow from the small to the large compartment, gamma-aminobutyrate in the reverse direction.

MeSH terms

  • Acetates / metabolism
  • Aminobutyrates / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Aspartic Acid / metabolism
  • Brain / metabolism
  • Carbon Dioxide / metabolism
  • Carbon Isotopes
  • Citric Acid Cycle
  • Coenzyme A / metabolism
  • Computers
  • Glucose / metabolism
  • Glutamates / metabolism*
  • Glutamine / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Models, Biological


  • Acetates
  • Aminobutyrates
  • Carbon Isotopes
  • Glutamates
  • Glutamine
  • Carbon Dioxide
  • Aspartic Acid
  • Glucose
  • Coenzyme A