Rats were given four daily, interperitoneal injections (80 micrograms/kg) of Met-enkephalin, (D-Ala2)-Met-enkephalin-NH2, beta-endorphin, (D-Ala2)-beta-endorphin or the diluent (0.9% NaCl acidified to, 0.01 M with acetic acid). Animals were subsequently tested for food and water inake and activity. Met-enkephalin injections did not affect any of the measures but its (D-Ala2) analog reduced food intake and some of the activity measures in a complicated way. beta-Endorphin injections did not affect food or water intake; in familiar situations these animals were less active while novel situations seemed to potentiate activity. The (D-Ala2) analog reduced wheel running over 24 hours.