Toxicity of pyrazinamide, administered once weekly in high dosage, in tuberculous patients

Bull World Health Organ. 1968;39(5):775-9.


The success of a twice-weekly regimen of streptomycin plus isoniazid, reported earlier from the Tuberculosis Chemotherapy Centre, Madras, prompted an investigation at the Centre of various once-weekly regimens of chemotherapy. In this context, a pilot study was undertaken in 19 patients to assess the toxicity of high-dosage pyrazinamide (70 mg/kg of body-weight), when administered once weekly, together with isoniazid (14 mg/kg of body-weight) and streptomycin (1 g), for at least 6 months. Serial estimations of SGOT and SGPT activity, urine tests for urobilin and bilirubin and haematological investigations were undertaken at frequent intervals. None of the patients showed any clinical evidence of hepatotoxicity; however, there was a slight and transient elevation in aminotransferase activity, probably of a non-specific nature, at 2 weeks. These findings are encouraging for the use of high-dosage pyrazinamide in once-weekly regimens of chemotherapy.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Alanine Transaminase / blood
  • Aspartate Aminotransferases / blood
  • Bilirubin / urine
  • Blood Chemical Analysis
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Isoniazid / administration & dosage
  • Male
  • Pyrazinamide / administration & dosage*
  • Pyrazinamide / adverse effects*
  • Streptomycin / administration & dosage
  • Time Factors
  • Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / drug therapy
  • Urobilin / urine


  • Urobilin
  • Pyrazinamide
  • Aspartate Aminotransferases
  • Alanine Transaminase
  • Bilirubin
  • Isoniazid
  • Streptomycin