The effect of food and water deprivation and satiation on recognition

Am J Psychol. 1979 Dec;92(4):611-26.


Food and water deprived and satiated subjects, as well as control subjects, were shown words presented tachistoscopically for .01 sec until word recognition. Five food-relevant, five water-relevant, and five neutral (animal) words of high string frequency were matched for letter confusability and letter predictability. Analyses of the data, in terms of number of presentations until recognition as well as number of words recognized at selected presentations, revealed that the amount but not the type of deprivation significantly altered word recognition. Moreover, the effect of motivation was significant already on the first slide presentation, while the effects of word characteristics (word category and generated value) occurred only after a number of presentations.

MeSH terms

  • Drive
  • Female
  • Food Deprivation*
  • Form Perception*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Motivation
  • Pattern Recognition, Visual*
  • Reaction Time
  • Reading
  • Retention, Psychology
  • Satiation*
  • Verbal Learning
  • Water Deprivation*