Electrocardiogram of the reindeer, Rangifer tarandus tarandus

Lab Anim. 1979 Jul;13(3):183-6. doi: 10.1258/002367779780937924.


Electrocardiograms were recorded for 50 Finnish reindeer of age 1 day to 9 years, using standard and unipolar extremity leads in the frontal plane. The range of heart rate was 40-250 beats per minute. Atrial and ventricular depolarization times were 5-10 ms shorter in newborn calves than in other reindeer, and showed only minor variance with respect to heart rate. The duration of depolarization was dependant on heart rate, and was more rapid in young calves. A-V conduction time decreased with increasing heart rate. The mode of the QRS vector was 280-290 degrees, and the mode of the T vector 200-230 degrees in the older animals, but 100-120 degrees in young calves. The main deflection in the QRS complex was S in the leads II, III and aVF.R was dominant in aVL and I.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn / physiology
  • Electrocardiography / veterinary*
  • Heart Rate
  • Reindeer / physiology*