Leptospirosis: a childhood disease

J Pediatr. 1977 Apr;90(4):532-7. doi: 10.1016/s0022-3476(77)80361-2.


A diagnosis of leptospirosis was confirmed in nine children who were admitted to St. Louis Children's Hospital during the past 54 months. Epidemiologic, clinical, cultural, and serologic data which were obtained emphasize (1) the high incidence of urban cases; (2) contact with dogs as the most likely source of infection; and (3) that serotypes other than Leptospira icterohaemorrhagiae may produce severe clinical disease. Unusual or previously unreported manifestations of leptospirosis including acalculous cholecystitis, pancreatitis, abdominal causalgia, desquamating skin rashes, and infarction of the extremities which were noted in these children are discussed.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Animals
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Disease Vectors
  • Dogs
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Leptospira / immunology
  • Leptospira / isolation & purification
  • Leptospira interrogans / immunology
  • Leptospira interrogans / isolation & purification
  • Leptospirosis* / diagnosis
  • Leptospirosis* / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Missouri
  • Weil Disease* / diagnosis
  • Weil Disease* / epidemiology