The lipid and ganglioside compositions of membranes of chromaffin granules isolated from bovine adrenal medulla have been investigated. The detailed lipid analysis revealed the presence of high levels of lysophosphatidylcholine, in agreement with previous studies, but also of sphingomyelin and plasmalogens. From these membranes, gangliosides have been extracted and separated by thin-layer chromatography and analysed. 95% of the total recovered gangliosides were hematosides (GM3), which migrated as three major species. Sugar analyses have been performed, as well as the fatty acid compositions. The three hematoside gangliosides appeared to differ on the basis of their fatty acid composition. Compared with the brain, chromaffin granule membranes showed a simple ganglioside composition, thus offering a good model for the study of the metabolism and the role of gangliosides. The simple ganglioside composition of chromaffin granule membranes has allowed us to state that there are 60 mol phospholipid and 30 mol cholesterol per mol ganglioside.