Rat and tupaia 41 degrees C temperature variant cell clones were derived from parental embryonic cells, cloned and established in tissue cultures. Both variant cell clones grew permanently at 41 degrees C. The morphology of these cell clones was altered in comparison to the original fibroblast cell clones. The cell biological characterization of the rat and tupaia 41 degrees C temperature variant cell clones showed that both cell clones were stable. After abolishing the selection pressure (incubation at 41 degrees C) for more than 10 further cell passages by incubation at 37 degrees C and then raising the temperature again to 41 degrees C, neither of the cell clones lost their newly acquired property of growing at 41 degrees C. This fact demonstrates that the newly acquired property is certain to be genetically manifest in both cell clones. The modal number of chromosomes of the rat 41 degrees C temperature variant cell clone was increased, and in the case of the tupaia variant cell clone, bimodality was observed. The plating efficiency of both cell clones did not rise significantly in comparison to the parental cells. Neither of the 41 degrees C temperature variant cell clones grew in semi-solid medium.