Control of the preovulatory release of luteinizing hormone by steroids in the mouse

Endocrinology. 1979 May;104(5):1247-55. doi: 10.1210/endo-104-5-1247.


The regulation of the preovulatory release of LH by steroids was examined in the mouse, a species in which ovulation is strongly influenced by priming pheromones. Ovariectomized mice were implanted with estradiol in Silastic capsules to involve negative feedback. Preovulatory-like LH surges then were induced by injections of either estradiol benzoate (EB) or progesterone. LH surges were not observed in the absence of steroid injection. LH surges always occurred at lights out on a 14-h light, 10-h dark cycle on the day after EB injection but occurred on the same day as progesterone injection. The amount of EB or progesterone injected seemed unimportant but, in either case, had to be given within a limited diurnal period of sensitivity. LH surges comparable to those of intact proestrous females were produced either by injecting both EB and progesterone or by manipulating the background dose of encapsulated estradiol. In the latter regard, when ovariectomized females were implanted with a wide range of doses of estradiol (0.1--1000 microgram/capsule), a decided window phenomenon became apparent. That is, LH surging could be induced by steroid injections only within a limited range of background doses of encapsulated estradiol. The relationship of the above findings to the pheromonal control of LH secretion and ovulation in mice is as yet unclear.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Castration
  • Darkness
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Estradiol / pharmacology*
  • Estrus
  • Female
  • Light
  • Luteinizing Hormone / metabolism*
  • Mice
  • Ovulation*
  • Posture
  • Pregnancy
  • Progesterone / pharmacology*
  • Sexual Behavior, Animal
  • Time Factors


  • Progesterone
  • Estradiol
  • Luteinizing Hormone