Complementation analysis on virus-fused Chinese hamster cells with nutritional markers

Science. 1969 Apr 18;164(3877):312-4. doi: 10.1126/science.164.3877.312.


Cell fusion experiments have been carried out with Chinese hamster cell mutants with different nutritional growth requirements. Conditions have been devised in which approximately 1 to 2 percent of the cell population remaining after fusion are fused, hybrid cells. The all-or-none nature of the genetic markers employed and the extremely low reversion rates insure that no contamination of the hybrid population with parental forms occurs. Hybrids between glycine- and hypoxanthine-requiring mutants are prototrophic, which indicates that both mutations are recessive. Hybrids between a glycine-deficient mutant and a singlestep mutant which requires glycine, hypoxanthine, and thymidine are relieved of the glycine dependency, an indication that the two loci associated with glycine dependence are different. This mutation to the triple-supplement requirement as well as a proline deficiency were also shown to be recessive mutations. The system appears applicable to a variety of genetic problems.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bromodeoxyuridine
  • Cell Line
  • Cricetinae
  • Culture Media
  • Culture Techniques*
  • Cytopathogenic Effect, Viral
  • Female
  • Genetic Complementation Test*
  • Glycine / metabolism
  • Hybridization, Genetic*
  • Hypoxanthines / metabolism
  • Mutation*
  • Ovary / cytology
  • Proline / metabolism
  • Thymidine / metabolism


  • Culture Media
  • Hypoxanthines
  • Proline
  • Bromodeoxyuridine
  • Glycine
  • Thymidine