Comparative pharmacokinetics of paracetamol in men and women considering follicular and luteal phases

Arzneimittelforschung. 1979;29(2):350-2.


The pharmacokinetics of paracetamol administered in a single dose were investigated and compared in young male and female subjects, considering follicular and luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. The mean AUC for paracetamol in the blood of female subjects was significantly increased by 39% and 51%, respectively, taking into account the follicular and luteal phase, in comparison with the AUCs of male volunteers. The peak plasma concentration revealed significantly higher values in women in both phases, by 48% and 66%, respectively. The time to reach the peak concentration was shorter by 8% in follicular phase than in males. The difference was statistically insignificant. Elimination constant decreased in follicular phase by 15% and in luteal phase by 21% in comparison with males (the difference--statistically insignificant). The paracetamol half-life was longer (although not significantly) in women than in men: in follicular phase by 29 min, i.e. 15%, and in luteal phase by 65 min, i.e. 33%. The apparent volume of distribution was found to be significantly lower in the female group by 35% and 40% in follicular and luteal phase, respectively. Comparing data obtained in the follicular and luteal phase, it was shown that the AUC was larger, peak plasma concentration was higher and biological half-life was longer in luteal phase. It is likely that the differences in some pharmacokinetic parameters between men and women, as well as in women considering both phases of menstrual cycle, might be of clinical significance.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Acetaminophen / blood
  • Acetaminophen / metabolism*
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Follicular Phase*
  • Half-Life
  • Humans
  • Kinetics
  • Luteal Phase*
  • Male
  • Menstruation*
  • Sex Factors
  • Time Factors


  • Acetaminophen