Nine patients with various types of severe glomerulonephritis were treated with drainage of the thoracic duct (n=8) and/or plasmapheresis (n=6) without the use of pharmacological immunosuppression. In most of the patients treatment produced a prompt temporary regression of albuminuria and creatininemia. In one patient renal function was substantially improved 8 months after the last period of treatment, in 2 patients the progress of the uremia was probably retarded. In the remaining 6 patients treatment had no obvious effect on the course of the illness. Drainage of the thoracic duct and plasmapheresis may be of benefit in the treatment of glomerulonephritis, but their proper utilization requires further studies.