A study of 200 patients referred to a community neurologist showed that 87.5% of the patients were seen in the office and only 12.5% in hospital. Neurological signs were present in 52% and 28.5% had neurological signs which materially affected the diagnosis. A questionnaire sent to several teaching centers showed that only one center sent students and residents to community neurologists' offices at all and in most centers the resident spent just 10 to 20% of his time seeing out-patients. It was felt that the balance of in-patient/out-patient teaching for students and residents was wrong, and that more emphasis should be placed on the neurological history than on the examination. Proposals are made to involve the community neurologist as well as the academic neurologist in the training of students and residents which would benefit all four groups.