The racial stratification of residues of total DDT equivalent, heptachlor epoxide, oxychlordane, dieldrin, beta-benzene hexachloride and lindane in human adipose tissue was studied. Samples of human adipose tissue were obtained from locations selected in the contiguous United States according to a stratified, proportionate-random survey design and chemically analyzed for selected organochlorine pesticides. The most marked case of racial difference in residue level was total DDT equivalent. Samples from Negros contained almost twice as much of this chemical as did samples from Caucasians. Racial stratification also was found in the frequency of lindane. Lindane was detected about twice as often in samples from Negros than in samples from Caucasians. Little racial differences were noted for residues of beta-benzene hexachloride, heptachlor epoxide, dieldrin and oxychlordane.