Use of nasal continuous positive airway pressure to treat severe recurrent apnoea in very preterm infants

Lancet. 1976 Sep 25;2(7987):658-60. doi: 10.1016/s0140-6736(76)92468-5.


Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (C.P.A.P.) of 2-3 mm Hg abolished or reduced the incidence of severe apnoeic attacks in 5 very preterm newborn infants. It is postulated that C.P.A.P. provides a respiratory drive by reflexly stimulating the infant's pulmonary stretch receptors.

MeSH terms

  • Apnea / etiology
  • Apnea / therapy*
  • Birth Weight
  • Female
  • Gestational Age
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Monitoring, Physiologic
  • Nasopharynx
  • Positive-Pressure Respiration / methods*
  • Recurrence
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn / complications
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn / therapy*