Fibronectin and wound healing

J Cell Biochem. 1984;26(2):107-16. doi: 10.1002/jcb.240260206.


I have tried to briefly review the evidence (summarized in Table II) indicating that fibronectin is important in cutaneous wound healing. Fibronectin appears to be an important factor throughout this process. It promotes the spreading of platelets at the site of injury, the adhesion and migration of neutrophils, monocytes, fibroblasts, and endothelial cells into the wound region, and the migration of epidermal cells through the granulation tissue. At the level of matrix synthesis, fibronectin appears to be involved both in the organization of the granulation tissue and basement membrane. In terms of tissue remodeling, fibronectin functions as a nonimmune opsonin for phagocytosis of debris by fibroblasts, keratinocytes, and under some circumstances, macrophages. Fibronectin also enhances the phagocytosis of immune-opsonized particles by monocytes, but whether this includes phagocytosis of bacteria remains to be determined. In general, phagocytosis of bacteria has not appeared to involve fibronectin. On the contrary, the presence of fibronectin in the wound bed may promote bacterial attachment and infection. Because of the ease of experimental manipulations, wound healing experiments have been carried out on skin more frequently than other tissues. As a result, the possible role of fibronectin has not been investigated thoroughly in the repair of internal organs and tissues. Nevertheless, it seems reasonable to speculate that fibronectin plays a central role in all wound healing situations. Finally, the wound healing problems of patients with severe factor XIII deficiencies may occur because of their inability to incorporate fibronectin into blood clots.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bacterial Infections / physiopathology
  • Blood Platelets / physiology
  • Cell Adhesion
  • Cell Movement
  • Chemotaxis, Leukocyte
  • Endothelium / physiology
  • Epidermis / physiology
  • Factor XIII / physiology
  • Fibroblasts / physiology
  • Fibronectins / physiology*
  • Keratins / metabolism
  • Monocytes / physiology
  • Neutrophils / physiology
  • Phagocytosis
  • Skin / injuries
  • Wound Healing*


  • Fibronectins
  • Keratins
  • Factor XIII