Purification and biological property of heparin cofactor II: activation of heparin cofactor II and antithrombin III by dextran sulfate and various glycosaminoglycans

Thromb Res. 1984 Dec 15;36(6):633-42. doi: 10.1016/0049-3848(84)90202-0.


Heparin cofactor II (HC II) has been purified from human plasma by a modification of the method described by Tollefsen et al. (J. Biol. Chem., 257, 2162, 1982) and abilities of dextran sulfate and various glycosaminoglycans to activate the antithrombin activities of HC II and antithrombin III (AT III) were studied. By the purification method described here, highly purified HC II with the same specific activity as reported by Tollefsen et al. was obtained with a higher yield and in a shorter purification time. Heparin, dextran sulfate and chondroitin polysulfates 1 and 5 activated both HC II and AT III, while dermatan sulfate activated only HC II. Dextran sulfate was almost as active as heparin in the activation of HC II and AT III, indicating that in the interactions of heparin with HC II and AT III, sulfate groups of heparin are more important than carboxyl groups. When mixed with thrombin in the presence of dermatan sulfate, normal human plasma showed antithrombin activity which was not due to AT III but to HC II only. HC II did not inhibit factor Xa or plasmin in the presence of any glycosaminoglycans or dextran sulfate, suggesting that HC II would be a specific inhibitor of thrombin.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Antithrombin III / metabolism*
  • Dextran Sulfate
  • Dextrans / pharmacology
  • Factor X / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Factor Xa
  • Fibrinolysin / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Glycoproteins / isolation & purification
  • Glycoproteins / metabolism*
  • Glycosaminoglycans / pharmacology
  • Heparin Cofactor II
  • Humans
  • In Vitro Techniques


  • Dextrans
  • Glycoproteins
  • Glycosaminoglycans
  • Heparin Cofactor II
  • Antithrombin III
  • Factor X
  • Dextran Sulfate
  • Factor Xa
  • Fibrinolysin