Cell surface phenotypes and expression of viral antigens of various human cell lines carrying human T-cell leukemia virus

Int J Cancer. 1984 Aug 15;34(2):221-8. doi: 10.1002/ijc.2910340213.


Human T-cell leukemia/lymphoma virus (HTLV)-carrying cells from various origins were characterized by cell surface markers and expression of HTLV antigens. Eight cell lines named TCL were obtained by transformation of peripheral blood leukocytes (PBL) of healthy donors or HTLV carriers in cocultures with HTLV-producer MT-2 cells. Nine cell lines named ILT were interleukin 2 (IL2)-dependent cell lines cloned from PBL of ATL patients and healthy HTLV-carriers. Tc-Kan9 cell line was also an IL2-dependent cell line clonally established from PBL culture stimulated with autologous TCL cells. Five cell lines named TL were established in vitro directly from PBL of an adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) patient and from ILT cells of an ATL patient and three HTLV-carriers, respectively, to grow autonomously without IL2. All the TCLs, ILTs, TLs and Tc-Kan9 possessed Leu-I antigen, a pan-T-cell marker. Leu3a antigen, a helper/inducer T-cell marker, was expressed on five of eight TCLs and all of the ILTs and TLs. Leu-2a, a cytotoxic/suppressor T-cell marker, was detected only on Tc-Kan9 but not others. Fresh ATL leukemic cells of patients had a helper/inducer T-cell marker. Ia, OKT9 and Tac antigens, markers for activated and differentiated T cells, were strongly expressed on all of the cell lines tested and fresh ATL leukemic cells were weakly positive for these antigens. Expression of HTLV antigens detected by mouse monoclonal antibodies and an ATL-patient serum varied among these cell lines. One TL, two ILTs and most of the fresh ATL leukemic cells did not express HTLV antigens on the cell surface. The other cell lines were all positive for the surface viral antigens. However, molecular species of antigens defined by radioimmunoprecipitation with an ATL-patient serum were not always identical among the cell lines. Molecular weights of polypeptides detectable in most of the cell lines were 62K, 46K, 40K, 24K, 21K and 19K which could never be detected in several control T-cell lines. 68K and 28K polypeptides were frequently detected in MT-2 and TGLs. GIN14, a mouse monoclonal antibody against HTLV core protein (p19) detected not only p19 in various cell lines but also p28, p29, p31 or p40 in certain cell lines tested. B-cell lines named LCL were established and cloned from PBL of two HTLV-carriers by EB-virus-induced transformation and they also expressed HTLV antigens, Ia, OKT9 and Tac antigens.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antigens, Surface / analysis*
  • Antigens, Viral / analysis*
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Separation
  • Cell Transformation, Viral*
  • Deltaretrovirus / immunology
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique
  • Humans
  • Leukemia / immunology*
  • Mice
  • Molecular Weight
  • Phenotype
  • Precipitin Tests
  • Radioimmunoassay
  • Retroviridae Infections / immunology*
  • T-Lymphocytes / immunology
  • T-Lymphocytes / microbiology


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antigens, Surface
  • Antigens, Viral