This study was undertaken to ascertain the effects of cannabinoid drugs on prostanoid-stimulated adenylate cyclase in neuroblastoma cells. This report demonstrates that delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and levonantradol could decrease initial rate cyclic AMP accumulation in response to prostacyclin in intact cells. Basal accumulation was also diminished. Prostanoid-stimulated adenylate cyclase in a membrane preparation from these cells was inhibited by cannabinoid and nantradol compounds. However, this inhibition was not competitive with prostaglandin E1 or prostacyclin. Further, inhibition was also observed when the enzyme was stimulated by peptide hormones at the secretin receptor. In contrast, enzyme activated by NaF was not inhibited by cannabinoid compounds. Cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase activity in subcellular fractions was unaltered by these agents. These data demonstrate that cannabinoid and nantradol compounds decrease cyclic AMP accumulation in neuronally derived cells, and that this results from an inhibition of basal and hormone-stimulated adenylate cyclase activity.