Inhibition of receptor-mediated release of arachidonic acid by pertussis toxin

Cell. 1984 Dec;39(2 Pt 1):301-8. doi: 10.1016/0092-8674(84)90008-4.


Treatment of guinea pig neutrophils with pertussis toxin (islet-activating protein; IAP) results in inhibition of N-formyl peptide receptor-mediated release of arachidonic acid and granular enzymes. Inhibition by the toxin is specific, in that responses to the calcium ionophore A23187 are not affected. The action of the toxin is not associated with alterations in cellular concentrations of cyclic AMP but is correlated with the ability of the toxin to catalyze the ADP-ribosylation of a 41,000 dalton membrane protein. This protein comigrates on SDS-polyacrylamide gels with the alpha subunit of Gi, the inhibitory guanine nucleotide-binding regulatory component of adenylate cyclase. It is likely that this G protein is involved in receptor-mediated signal transduction in neutrophils by mechanisms that do not involve cyclic AMP.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine Diphosphate Ribose / metabolism
  • Adenylate Cyclase Toxin
  • Adenylyl Cyclases / blood
  • Animals
  • Arachidonic Acid
  • Arachidonic Acids / blood*
  • Bacterial Toxins / pharmacology*
  • Calcimycin / pharmacology
  • Cell Membrane / physiology
  • Cell Survival / drug effects
  • Cyclic AMP / blood
  • Glycoside Hydrolases / blood
  • Guinea Pigs
  • Male
  • Molecular Weight
  • Neutrophils / cytology
  • Neutrophils / drug effects
  • Neutrophils / physiology*
  • Oligopeptides / metabolism
  • Pertussis Toxin
  • Receptors, Formyl Peptide
  • Receptors, Immunologic / drug effects
  • Receptors, Immunologic / metabolism*
  • Virulence Factors, Bordetella


  • Adenylate Cyclase Toxin
  • Arachidonic Acids
  • Bacterial Toxins
  • Oligopeptides
  • Receptors, Formyl Peptide
  • Receptors, Immunologic
  • Virulence Factors, Bordetella
  • Adenosine Diphosphate Ribose
  • Arachidonic Acid
  • Calcimycin
  • Cyclic AMP
  • Pertussis Toxin
  • Glycoside Hydrolases
  • Adenylyl Cyclases