A study has been made of the corticocortical efferent and afferent connections of the posterior bank of the arcuate sulcus in the macaque monkey. The distribution of efferent projections to the primary motor cortex (MI) was studied by injecting three different fluorescent retrograde tracers into separate regions of MI. The resultant labeling showed a discrete and topographically organized projection: neurons lying below the inferior limb of the arcuate sulcus project into the MI face area, while neurons located in the posterior bank of the inferior limb of the arcuate sulcus and in the arcuate spur region project into the MI hand area. These findings were confirmed electrophysiologically by demonstrating that postarcuate neurons could only be activated antidromically by stimulation within restricted regions of MI. HRP injections within postarcuate cortex indicated that afferents to this region arise from a number of cortical areas. However, the largest numbers of labeled neurons were found in the posterior parietal cortex (area 7b; PF) and in the secondary somatosensory region (SII). Neurons in both 7b (PF) and SII could be antidromically activated by postarcuate stimulation. It was further shown that stimulation of area 7b (PF) gives rise to short-latency synaptic responses in postarcuate neurons, including some neurons with identified projections to MI. The results are discussed in relation to the possible function of the postarcuate region of the premotor cortex in the sensory guidance of movement.