Synthesis and biological activity of fluoroalkylamine derivatives of narcotic analgesics

J Med Chem. 1980 Sep;23(9):985-90. doi: 10.1021/jm00183a005.


N-Ethyl-, N-(2-fluoroethyl)-, N-(2,2-difluoroethyl)-, and N-(2,2,2-trifluoroethyl)-substituted normeperidine (1b-e) and normetazocine (2b-e) derivatives were prepared. The analgesic activities of the compounds were determined in mice. Opiate receptor binding studies, in the presence and absence of sodium ion, were carried out. The antagonist activities of normetazocine derivatives were studied in monkeys. These were further examined in the isolated guinea pig ileum for relative agonist activity. The pKa values were measured; in vivo agonist acitivty was lost with weakly basic derivatives. For the normetazocine derivatives, opiate receptor binding data were consistent with guinea pig ileum agonist potency and mouse vas deferens antagonist potency but not with in vivo data. Opiate receptor binding was reduced for the less basic normetazocine derivatives. In the normeperidine series, there was no apparent direct relationship between pKa and opiate receptor binding. However, a relationship involving the hydrophobic character of the N-substituent is discussed. The N-(2-fluoroethyl) derivatives in both series were found to cause convulsions in rats at doses of 40-45 mg/kg ip. Elevated serum citrate levels were found in these rats, implicating in vivo oxidative deamination of the N-(fluoroalkyl) substituent to fluoroacetate.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Analgesics, Opioid / chemical synthesis*
  • Animals
  • Benzomorphans / analogs & derivatives
  • Benzomorphans / chemical synthesis*
  • Benzomorphans / pharmacology
  • Guinea Pigs
  • Haplorhini
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Meperidine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Meperidine / chemical synthesis
  • Meperidine / pharmacology
  • Mice
  • Morphinans / chemical synthesis*
  • Morphine Dependence / physiopathology
  • Narcotic Antagonists / chemical synthesis
  • Rats
  • Receptors, Opioid / metabolism
  • Seizures / chemically induced
  • Structure-Activity Relationship
  • Substance Withdrawal Syndrome / chemically induced


  • Analgesics, Opioid
  • Benzomorphans
  • Morphinans
  • Narcotic Antagonists
  • Receptors, Opioid
  • Meperidine