A high rate of turnover of professional personnel in a clinic is disruptive to patient care and organizational stability as well as to the individual clinician. The turnover rate for clinicians (physicians, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants) working in neighborhood health centers (NHCs) is considerably higher than that for clinicians in other forms of practices. All 10 of the neighborhood health centers in HEW (Department of Health, Education, and Welfare--now the Department of Health and Human Services) Region X (Alaska, Idaho, Washington, and Oregon) that offered a full range of medical services provided information about the clinicians that they had employed since their inception. One hundred and one clinicians were surveyed about their work experience. The vast majority of those clinicians who had left a neighborhood health center remained in the community; they cited organizational issues as being at the heart of their dissatisfaction with the centers. Clinicians who began work during the initiation of a clinic remained significantly longer. The results suggest the immediate need for a strategy directed at the smooth organizational evolution of each NHC right from its inception.